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OSPF Sim

January 8th, 2019 in Lab Sim, LabSim Go to comments

Question

OSPF is configured on routers Amani and Lynaic. Amani’s S0/0 interface and Lynaic’s S0/1 interface are in Area 0. Lynaic’s Loopback0 interface is in Area 2.

OSPFSim

Your task is to configure the following:

Portland’s S0/0 interface in Area 1
Amani’s S0/1 interface in Area 1
Use the appropriate mask such that ONLY Portland’s S0/0 and Amnani’s S0/1 could be in Area 1.
Area 1 should not receive any external or inter-area routes (except the default route).

Answer and Explanation:

First, we configure Portland’s S0/0 interface so that it belongs to Area 1. So, we have to find out which sub-network the IP address 192.168.4.5/30 (the IP of interface S0/0 of Portland) belongs to. This address belongs to a subnetwork which has:

Increment: 4 (/30 = 255.255.255.252 or 1111 1111.1111 1111.1111 1111.1111 1100)
Network address: 192.168.4.4 (because 4 = 4 * 1 and 4 < 5)
Broadcast address: 192.168.4.7 (because 7 = 4 + 4 – 1) (It is not necessary to find out the broadcast address but we should know it)

The question requires that only Portland’s S0/0 and Amani’s S0/1 could be in Area 1, therefore we must use a wildcard of 0.0.0.3 (this wildcard is equivalent with a subnet mask of /30) so that there are only 2 IP addresses can participate in area 1 (they are 192.168.4.5 & 192.168.4.6). The full command we use here is network 192.168.4.4 0.0.0.3 area 1

The question also requires that “Area 1 should not receive any external or inter-area routes (except the default route)”. Recall that if we don’t want the router to receive external routes, we have to stop LSA Type 5. And if we don’t want to receive inter-area routes, we have to stop LSA Type 3 and Type 4. Therefore we have to configure area 1 as a totally stubby area. For your information, here is the definition of a totally stubby area:

Totally stubb area – This area does not accept summary LSAs from other areas (types 3 or 4) or external summary LSAs (Type 5). Types 3,4 and 5 LSAs are replaced by the Area Border Router(ABR) with a default router. Totally stubby areas protect internal routers by minimizing the routing table and summarizing everything outside the area with a default route.” (CCNP BSCI Official Exam Certification Guide, Fourth Edition)

In conclusion, we have to configure area 1 as a totally stubby area. We do that by configuring Portland as stub and configuring Amani (ABR router) as a stub + “no-summary”suffix.

+ Configure Portland router as a stub:

Portland#configure terminal
Portland(config)#router ospf 1

Allow network 192.168.4.4/30 to join Area 1, notice that you have to convert subnet mask into wildcard mask:

Portland(config-router)#network 192.168.4.4 0.0.0.3 area 1

Configure Portland as a stub:

Portland(config-router)#area 1 stub

Portland(config-router)#end
Portland#copy running-config startup-config

+ Configure Amani router as a “totally stub”:

Amani#configure terminal
Amani(config)#router ospf 1
Amani(config-router)#network 192.168.4.4 0.0.0.3 area 1

Make area 1 become a totally stubby area, notice that we can only use this command on ABR router:

Amani(config-router)#area 1 stub no-summary

Amani(config-router)#end
Amani#copy running-config startup-config

Note: Make sure to check the OSPF process ID before typing your configuration. Maybe it is not OSPF process 1 like the configuration above.

 

Other lab-sims on this site:

EIGRP Stub Sim

EIGRP OSPF Redistribution Sim

IPv6 OSPF Virtual Link Sim

EIGRP Simlet
Policy Based Routing Sim

 

Comments
Comment pages
1 2 3 4 84
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    December 9th, 2018

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  4. Laonzena
    December 12th, 2018

    is this a simulation question?(like in CCNA)
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  5. Dany1
    January 15th, 2019

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  10. McFaber
    March 2nd, 2019

    Hello Guys about the OSPF Sim I think the most specific wildcard mask we should use since the question ask “ONLY Portland’s S0/0 and Amnani’s S0/1 could be in Area 1” so why /30 on OSPF? I think it should be /32, then something like: network 192.168.4.5 0.0.0.0 area 1 and so on. It’s generally recommanded to use the most specific widlcard subnet. What do you think about?

  11. someone
    March 6th, 2019

    @McFaber
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    March 19th, 2019

    When I attempted in my first test, it mentioned using area 5.

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    March 30th, 2019

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    March 30th, 2019

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  22. ay esm
    April 30th, 2019

    what if i configured Portland router area type as stub-no summary like the ABR (Amani) would it be wrong configuration ?

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    July 24th, 2019

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    July 26th, 2019

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    July 26th, 2019

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  35. Reikidude
    September 18th, 2019

    How is possible that Lynaic’s lo0 has assigned 239.239.239.239/32.

    I can’te replicate it on gns3:

    Lynaic (config-if)#ip address 239.239.239.239 255.255.255.255
    Not a valid host address.

    Do anyone solved it?

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  39. ppk slb
    October 13th, 2019

    Guys, a friend of mine took Route today and passed; for some labs, copy run start/wr works, while some does not (involved config change). If it does not work, you marks won’t get deducted (as they meant the exam to be like that). ‘Pipe’ does not work. Thankfully ‘tabbing’ works. For some commands that does not work, you have to find another way to verify (sh run etc – Cisco did this to ensure you know how to verify thru configs instead of IOS command). There’s one command ‘sh ip eigrp topology’ does not work, but ‘sh ip eigrp 1 topology’ works. So please state the process id if it does not work. He said labs are fine, the objectives quite hard.

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    THANKS EHAB/DIGITALTUT; DUMP VALID

    But please do not memorize dumps cause some questions they changed something – please ensure u understand it.

    If some commands does not work and you were not meant to use it, the error message will say ‘Command not implemented etc…’ when you executed the IOS command.
    There’s always another way to verify/troubleshoot it (sh run etc…)

    13th Oct; Passed with 839/1000

    LAB EXAMS:
    ———-

    EIGRP Evaluation Sim – comments below;
    —————————————-
    -command ‘sh ip route’ on R6 does not work; i can only do ‘sh run’
    -why do i need to use ‘sh ip route’? Because there’s 2 loopback configured at R6, i need to know
    which one should i choose
    -so i guess Cisco purposely disable it to make my life hard; they want us to verify routing via configs
    -from ‘sh run’ at R6, i can see that 172.16.6.6 is configured, but it was not advertised out because there’s
    ‘distribute-list 1 out’ being configured, where the ACL denied loopback IP 172.16.6.6.
    -another simpler way to verify is that ‘172.16.6.6’ loopback is not shown in R1 routing table (sh ip route); thus we can say that loopback ip that we should use is 150.1.6.6
    -another thing to take note is that ‘show ip eigrp topology’ command does not work in R1 (not sure on other router, i haven’t tested it out) – per suggested on Digitaltut, we should use the EIGRP process ID. Then it works like charms. I’ve executed ‘sh ip eigrp 1 topology’ and it works. Luckiliy i read this part from Digitaltut. However, if this happens and you don’t have any idea on this, i guess ‘tab’ or ‘tabbing’ will give you an idea (tabbing works in Exam labs)

    OSPF Sim – comments below;
    —————————
    -everything the same except the IP. no surprises here. easy.
    -tabbing works, and copy running-config startup-config works. I did ‘wr’ command too and it works.

    IPv6 OSPF Virtual Link Sim – comments below;
    ——————————————-
    -copy run start/copy running-config startup-config/wr does not work – so just ignore it (you marks won’t get deducted)
    -everything is the same
    -in this scenario, i can see the loopback ip from R1 after added and remove virtual links, so i don’t have to make any changes on the
    loopback ip (that has to be in area interfaces)

  40. IP HEPLER
    October 15th, 2019

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  41. Ann
    October 15th, 2019

    show ip protocols dont work in the exam. Any suggestion?

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