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DMVPN Questions

September 6th, 2015 in ROUTE 300-101 Go to comments

Note: If you are not sure about DMVPN, please read our DMVPN tutorial first.

Question 1


From the output we learn that the logical address is mapped to the NBMA address Type “dynamic” means NBMA address was obtained from NHRP Request packet. Type “static” means NBMA address is statically configured. The “authoritative” flag means that the NHRP information was obtained from the Next Hop Server (NHS).

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios/12_4/ip_addr/configuration/guide/hadnhrp.html

Question 2


When DMVPN tunnels flap, check the neighborship between the routers as issues with neighborship formation between routers may cause the DMVPN tunnel to flap. In order to resolve this problem, make sure the neighborship between the routers is always up.

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/security-vpn/ipsec-negotiation-ike-protocols/29240-dcmvpn.html#Prblm1

Question 3


DMVPN is not a protocol, it is the combination of the following technologies:

+ Multipoint GRE (mGRE)
+ Next-Hop Resolution Protocol (NHRP)
+ Dynamic Routing Protocol (EIGRP, RIP, OSPF, BGP…) (optional)
+ Dynamic IPsec encryption (optional)
+ Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF)

For more information about DMVPN, please read our DMVPN tutorial.

Question 4


To allow communication to multiple sites using only one tunnel interface, we need to configure that tunnel in “multipoint” mode. Otherwise we have to create many tunnel interfaces, each can only communicate to one site.



Question 5


An mGRE tunnel inherits the concept of a classic GRE tunnel but an mGRE tunnel does not require a unique tunnel interface for each connection between Hub and spoke like traditional GRE. One mGRE can handle multiple GRE tunnels at the other ends. Unlike classic GRE tunnels, the tunnel destination for a mGRE tunnel does not have to be configured; and all tunnels on Spokes connecting to mGRE interface of the Hub can use the same subnet.


For more information about DMVPN, please read our DMVPN tutorial.

Question 6


GRE tunnels are the first thing we have to configure to create a DMVPN network so we should start troubleshooting from there. NHRP can only work properly with operating GRE tunnels.

Question 7

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