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Frame Relay Questions

September 10th, 2015 in ROUTE 300-101 Go to comments

Question 1


Normal (Ethernet) ARP Request knows the Layer 3 address (IP) and requests for Layer 2 address (MAC). On the other hand, Frame Relay Inverse ARP knows the Layer 2 address (DLCI) and requests for Layer 3 address (IP) so we called it “Inverse”. For detail explanation about Inverse ARP Request please read our Frame Relay tutorial – Part 2.

Question 2


When saying “Frame Relay point-to-point” network, it means “Frame Relay subinterfaces” run “point-to-point”. Notice that Frame Relay subinterfaces can run in two modes:
+ Point-to-Point: When a Frame Relay point-to-point subinterface is configured, the subinterface emulates a point-to-point network and OSPF treats it as a point-to-point network type
+ Multipoint: When a Frame Relay multipoint subinterface is configured, OSPF treats this subinterface as an NBMA network type.

And there are 4 network types which can be configured with OSPF. The hello & dead intervals of these types are listed below:

Network Type Hello Interval (secs) Dead Interval (secs)
Point-to-Point 10 40
Point-to-Multipoint 30 120
Broadcast 10 40
Non-Broadcast 30 120

Therefore the default OSPF hello interval on a Frame Relay point-to-point network is 10 seconds.

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/open-shortest-path-first-ospf/13693-22.html

Question 3


Traffic shaping should be used when:
+ Hub site (headquarter) has much faster speed link than the spokes (remote sites). In this case we need to rate-limit the hub site so that it does not exceed the remote side access rate
+ Hub site has the same speed link as the spokes. For example both the headquarter and the spokes use T1 links. In this case, we need to rate-limit the remote sites so as to not overrun the hub.

An example of configuring traffic shaping is shown below:

interface Serial0/1
encapsulation frame-relay
frame-relay traffic-shaping
interface Serial0/1.10 point-to-point
ip address
frame-relay interface-dlci 10 class my_traffic_shaping
map-class frame-relay my_traffic_shaping
frame-relay adaptive-shaping becn //Configure the router to respond to frame relay frames that have the BECN bit set
frame-relay cir 128000 //Specify the committed information rate (CIR) for a Frame Relay virtual circuit
frame-relay bc 8000 //Specify the committed burst size (Bc) for a Frame Relay virtual circuit.
frame-relay be 8000 // Specify the excess burst size (Be) for a Frame Relay virtual circuit.
frame-relay mincir 64000 // Specify minimum acceptable CIR for a Frame Relay virtual circuit.

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/wan/frame-relay/6151-traffic-shaping-6151.html

Question 4

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    Is question 2 correct? Frame relay being a NBMA technology I thought the hello timers would be 30?

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  11. to Networks hurt
    May 29th, 2015

    10 seconds is the correct answer. It’s using Point to point Frame relay ,, when such scenario is configured, they add the command “ip ospf network point-to-point” under the subinterface which is not NMBA network hence it’s 10 seconds

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