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IPv6 OSPF Virtual Link Sim

May 8th, 2014 in Lab Sim, LabSim Go to comments

Question

TUT is a small company that has an existing enterprise network that is running IPv6 OSPFv3. However, R4’s loopback address (FEC0:4:4) cannot be seen in R1. Identify and fix this fault, do not change the current area assignments. Your task is complete when R4’s loopback address (FEC0:4:4) can be seen in the routing table of R1.

OSPFv3_IPv6_VirtualLink

Special Note: To gain the maximum number of points you must remove all incorrect or unneeded configuration statements related to this issue.

Answer and Explanation:

To troubleshoot the problem, first issue the show running-config on all of 4 routers. Pay more attention to the outputs of routers R2 and R3

The output of the “show running-config” command of R2:

OSPFIPv6v3VirtualLink_show_run_R2

The output of the “show running-config” command of R3:

OSPFIPv6v3VirtualLink_show_run_R3

We knew that all areas in an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) autonomous system must be physically connected to the backbone area (Area 0). In some cases, where this is not possible,we can use a virtual link to connect to the backbone through a non-backbone area. The area through which you configure the virtual link is known as a transit area. In this case, the area 11 will become the transit area. Therefore, routers R2 and R3 must be configured with the area area-id virtual-link neighbor-router-id command.

+ Configure virtual link on R2 (from the first output above, we learned that the OSPF process ID of R2 is 1):

R2>enable
R2#configure terminal
R2(config)#ipv6 router ospf 1
R2(config-rtr)#area 11 virtual-link 3.3.3.3

(Notice that we have to use neighbor router-id 3.3.3.3, not R2’s router-id 2.2.2.2)

+ Configure virtual link on R3 (from the second output above, we learned that the OSPF process ID of R3 is 1 and we have to disable the wrong configuration of “area 54 virtual-link 4.4.4.4”):

R3>enable
R3#configure terminal
R3(config)#ipv6 router ospf 1
R3(config-rtr)#no area 54 virtual-link 4.4.4.4
R3(config-rtr)#area 11 virtual-link 2.2.2.2

We should check the configuration on R4:

R4>enable
R4#show running-config

You will see a wrongly configured virtual-link command. To get full mark we have to disable this command:

R4#configure terminal
R4(config)#ipv6 router ospf 1
R4(config-rtr)#no area 54 virtual-link 3.3.3.3

After finishing the configuration don’t forget to ping between R1 and R4 to make sure they work well!

Now all the configuration was done. It is weird that we can’t ping the IPv6 loopback interface of R4 (with the ping or ping ipv6 command) but we can check by using the command show ipv6 route on R1

The copying running-config startup-config command will not work but don’t worry, just skip it.

Notice: If you issue the command “show running-config” on R1, you will see these two lines:

passive-interface default
no passive-interface fa0/0 (fa0/0 is the interface connecting with R2)

These two lines make all the interfaces of R1 become passive interfaces except interface fa0/0. They are correctly configured so don’t try to disable them.

 

Other lab-sims on this site:

EIGRP Stub Sim

OSPF Sim

EIGRP OSPF Redistribution Sim

EIGRP Simlet
Policy Based Routing Sim

Comments
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  1. jokie
    July 13th, 2017
  2. AnyMaster
    July 13th, 2017

    Probably the exam will ask you to ping, so do from R1 #ping ipv6 FEC0:4:4 . It will count some points!

  3. Doug Funny
    July 20th, 2017

    Is it normal to not be able to ping the OSPF published interfaces?

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